Born in Vasto (Chieti) on June 16, 1818, died in Naples on September 11, 1899. He studied at the Academy of Naples, a disciple of Camillo Guerra and Costanzo Angelini, but he soon left her to follow the teachings of Giuseppe Bonolis, from whom he learned to love the truth against all academies; and this love in him lasted great and almost exclusive throughout his life. He was mainly an animalist, but he also painted some landscapes, especially in his youth, and some historical pictures such as: Ettore Fieramosca; The last day of Pompeii; The charge of the Cavalrymen of Alexandria; Prince Amedeo di Savoia taken to the ambulance at the battle of Custoza, the latter preserved in the collection of comm. Vittorio Basso of Milan. Artist of subtle, nervous sensitivity, he sought the truth tenaciously, passionately, as he had wanted to penetrate by force into the mystery of nature through the careful study of his creatures, even the humblest. His painting seems to have an even rural simplicity, and is instead deeply conscious and without uncertainties or deviations. His realism is of great value as he was an innovative movement and sometimes a precursor. Movement of rebellion against all academic, traditional rules, desire for life and breath, desire for individuality that shook and renewed the entire Neapolitan school. The art of Pa-lizzi is realistic, without literature and without academia. He comes a little closer to the genre painting, but in the open air and with that clear and wide atmosphere that envelops animals and things, taking away from his works that cold dryness characteristic of almost all genre paintings. He worked a lot and it can be said that his works are scattered all over the world and almost all Italian galleries have them. The Galleria d'Arte Moderna in Rome has a room with three hundred studies and sketches that he himself donated; five animal studies are preserved in the one in Milan. Among his best-known works are: Animals, purchased by the Duchess of Berry, early work that revealed him to his contemporaries; The month of May and Return from the countryside, purchased by Ferdinand II of Bourbon; The exit of animals from Noah's Ark, a famous painting exhibited in Paris in 1867 and donated by Vittorio Emanuele II to the Capodimonte Pinacoteca; Study of donkeys, exhibited in Paris in 1867 with the head of a calf and a pond: these two purchased by the King of Portugal; The wounded donkey, in the collection of comm. Eugenio Balzan; The love of the bull; Return from the market and The deer hunt, all three properties of comm. Guglielmo Poletti in Milan; Kiss in the desert; Goats in the fold; A hare and a fox hanging from a branch; Landscape at sunset; Greyhound dog; The rising of the full moon; Spring of water, thistles and seated woman; A handful of flowering herbs in the mouth of an ox; Interior of a farmhouse; Descent among the poplars; Little white cub; A calf led to drink; Pigeons; On the pond; Pomegranate tree and woman harvesting fruit; The caresses to the little donkeys; A walking donkey seen from the front; Head of calf eating; Dog barking behind a wall; Shepherd sleeping, dog and goats on the grass; Three buffaloes; Elephant. His last work was Ecce Agnus Dei. Under this painting, on a small plaque on the left, Palizzi wrote in his own hand this affectionate dedication: "Today, June 16, 1893, I turn 80 and I am busily working in this painting" Ecce Agnus Dei "promised as a gift to the church of San Pietro in my native country, Vasto. This work I will perform with great enthusiasm and I hope to finish it happily. I hope that my fellow citizens will gladly accept it and will want to keep it in memory of the great affection of their old fellow citizen Filippo Palizzi ». This work, in fact, is still kept in the church of San Pietro in Vasto.