Born in Florence on 29 December 1838, died at the hospital in Bolzano 1 * 11 August 1866. The youngest of a modest family, he wanted Antonio Ciseri as master, from whom he learned the art of drawing. Friend of Signorini, Cecioni, De Nittis, Borrani, he was among the first Macchiaiuoli. In 1860, forced by need, he began to be an engraver, and made a medal for Garibaldi and, to put it on the market, he went to Naples, and another for Dante's centenary. In 1861 he sent the small picture Ladruncoli of figs to the First Italian Exhibition in Florence; and run Roofs in the sun; Paths near Montughi; Old walls and, on the mountains of San Marcello, in fraternal company with Borrani, he painted Pastura in the mountains, a work in which he gave the full measure of his maturity. Sharpness and precision of drawing, strength of color, serene lyricism, sincerity and search for the best: these are the characteristics of this noble artist, who gave his life for his homeland, when the future smiled more at him, and the hope of affirmation was already become certainty. Already in 1859 he had enlisted, but he had then had to return to Florence due to the sharp opposition of his mother, who, having another son in the army, was entitled to the exemption of the youngest child. But in 1866 the young artist, obeying his patriotic impulse, enlisted in Garibaldi's ranks, having Nicotera as colonel. In Cimago near Condino he fought like a hero and was wounded in the leg. Falling prisoner of the Austrians, he was transferred to Trento and from there to Bolzano, where he opposed the amputation, and when he joined it, it was too late. Telemaco Signorini, in the commemorative sonnet that he dedicated to him, summarized the genius and art of his lost friend with these verses: "You were a free genius and you spanned - always over the fields, and so gladly - you painted the trees there later - del Poggio al sol d'estate .... Everything that your permeate could touch, - it took on a serene life and kindness, - it was a mud plane, or it was the sea ». In addition to the works cited, we admire him: Bovi neri al carro; The pond; Marina in Casti-glioncello di Rossignano, in the collection of the lawyer. Camillo Giussani of Milan; Harvesting of hay, in that of comm. Carlo Clausetti; Radicchio pickers, in the collection of comm. Delleani of Carignano; Country study, in the Martelli collection; Country road, owned by the painter Giulio Cesare Vinzio; Pagliai in Castiglion-cello; The Cascine; Pond. He had also given good proofs of his value as a portraitist: in the Self-portrait; in the Portrait of the SIA, property of cav. L. V. Bona; in the Portrait of a Lady, kept in the Galleria d'Arte Moderna in Milan; in the Portrait of Bettino Ricasoli.


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