Born in Ferrrara December 31, 1842, died in Paris on January 11, 1931. ?? eighth of thirteen brothers, receives the first lessons of drawing from his father Antonio, a painter and copyist of neo-Renaissance style, and, on ?? age of sixteen, Ferrara attends to the study of the brothers Gaetano and Jerome Domenichini and John Pagliarini. In 1862 he moved to Florence to subscribe to ?? Academy of Fine Arts, where she studied painting Ussi Stefano and Enrico Pollastrini and the group of friends Cristiano Banti, Telemaco Signorini and Michele Gordigiani who gathered at the Caffè Michelangelo. During this time ?? macchiaiolo ?? paints, as well as portraits, landscapes also subjects. Between 1865 and 1866 moves between Castiglioncello, guest Diego Martelli, and Naples, together with the friend ?? Banti (Portrait of a gentleman who looks at a painting, Portrait of Diego Martelli, painter Giuseppe Abbati). In 1867 he went for the first time along with English nobles Falconer in France: all ?? Universal Exhibition in Paris knows the Impressionist painters Edouard Manet, Edgar Degas and Alfred Sisley. In 1870 stays in London, thanks to the support of the patron William Cornwallis-West, el ?? following year he moved permanently to Paris, leaning on the merchant d ?? art Goupil. While beginning to establish itself as a portraitist, he devoted himself mainly to works in costume and cityscapes (Place Pigalle, Place Clichy): in the Salon of 1874 are admired the works Les blanchisseus and Pont des Saints-Peres. After several trips to Germany, Holland and Spain (1876-1877), abandons the previous descriptive style and reaches its most characteristic figure dealing with fluency portrait bourgeois and moving subjects. From this moment is the highest representative of the portrait d ?? era, mundane or representation: it is the famous 1886 pastel portrait of Giuseppe Verdi (Portrait of Giuseppe Verdi with the cylinder, Rome, National Gallery of Modern Art ??). All ?? Universal Exhibition in Paris in 1889 has eight works, including the aforementioned portrait of Verdi, the famous Pastel white portrait of Emiliana Concha de Ossa, grandson of ?? Ambassador of Chile to the Vatican (1888, Milan, Pinacoteca Brera) el ?? watercolor Les amis, this last ?? respectively awarded with the Grand Prix and the gold medal and diploma ?? d ?? honor. In 1890 associates, along with Sisley, Blanche and Rodin, the Societe Nationale des Beaux-Arts, founded by Meissonier and Puvis de Chavannes. In 1892 performs in the villa Banti Montorsoli the famous self-portrait for the collection of the Uffizi Gallery, in exchange for a cast of Cardinal de ?? Doctors Bernini. ?? The following year, at the Gala Milan of Verdi's Falstaff, makes a gift to the musician's oil portrait done seven years before the study of Place Pigalle (Portrait of Giuseppe Verdi, Milan, Nursing Home for Musicians Foundation Giuseppe Verdi ). In 1895 part of the committee's sponsorship of the Venice Biennale; participates in 1897 with the Portrait of Giuseppe Verdi with the cylinder and other works; the same year he exhibited in the gallery Wildenstein in New York. In 1900 presents all ?? Universal Exhibition in Paris eight works, including portraits of ?? Infanta Eulalia of Spain (1898, Ferrara, Boldini Museum) and the American painter James McNeill Whistler (1897, New York, Brooklyn Museum). In 1895, 1903, 1905, 1912 was invited to the Venice Biennale (in 1895 is in the Committee of patronage). With the great war is forced to leave Paris and stay later in London and Nice. After the conclusion of the conflict back again in Paris, where in 1919 he was awarded the Legion d ?? honor. In 1926 he was interviewed by the Journal of the people ?? ?? by journalist Emilia Cardona who in 1929 became his wife. He died in Paris a little over two years later, in 1931, at age ?? eighty-nine years. In 1932 get together in a room dedicated to him at the XVIII Venice Biennale seventy works between portraits, landscapes, genre subjects and designs. His brushwork rapid and dynamic personality portrayed aristocratic, actresses and ladies of high society ??: famous are the portraits of the Spanish General Esteban de Seravalle de Asseretos (1867, Valdagno, Marzotto Collection), the different portraits of Countess Gabrielle de Rasty (including the Countess de Rasty sitting on a chair, in 1879, Ferrara, Museo Boldini), Emiliana Concha de Ossa (white or pastel, 1888, Milan, Pinacoteca di Brera), of ?? actress and soprano Lina Cavalieri (portrayed more times between 1900 and 1921), Count Robert de Montesquiou (1897, Paris, Musée d'Orsay ??), the great French playwright Edmond Rostand (Portrait of Edmond Rostand, about 1909, private collection), the Venetian Marchesa Luisa Casati (Portrait of the Marchesa Luisa Casati with a greyhound, 1908, private collection; the Marchesa Luisa Casati with peacock feathers, 1914, Rome, National Gallery of Modern Art ??). And then: that of the Duchess Nicoletta Grazioli (about 1901, private collection), of ?? aristocratic Sicilian Donna Franca Florio (1921-1924, Hilton Villa Igiea Palermo), of ?? French actress and singer Genevieve Lanthelme (1907, Rome, National Gallery of Modern Art ??), Cecilia Madrazo Fortuny, wife of the famous painter Mariano Fortuny (1882, Bordeaux, Musée des Beaux-Arts), the German painter Adolph Menzel (1895, Berlin, Staatliche Museen, Nationalgalerie), the painter Spaniard Joaquin Araujo y Ruano (1889, Ferrara, Museo Boldini), of ?? French actress Miss Bell (1903, Genoa, Frugone Collection), the Duchess of Marlborough with Consuelo son Ivor Spencer Churchill (1906, New York, the Metropolitan Museum fo Art) and the French dancer Cléo de Merode (1901, New York, Wildenstein collection).