Cesare Ciani was born in Florence in 1854, finished his technical studies in 1875 and completed his military service in the following three years. At the age of twenty-six he began attending the courses of Giuseppe Ciaranfi and Giovanni Fattori at the Academy of Fine Arts. 1886 was a crucial year for the affirmation and dissemination to the general public of Ciani's artistic identity. The victory in the painting competition organized by the same academy also inaugurated the beginning of his exhibition season. That year, in addition to participating in the Promoter of Florence, he was present at the one in Genoa with The Cobbler. At the Universal Exhibition in Paris in 1889 he obtained a special mention with the portrait entitled The Widow, exhibited the previous year at the Florentine Artistic Circle. In his rich production, animated landscapes with scenes of a realist taste prevail, treated with an evident material density and characterized by attention to tonal and luminous variations. He worked in Liguria painting from life landscapes taken in Riomaggiore, Portovenere and La Spezia. He also painted in Livorno, on the Island of Elba and in Viareggio. Among his clients, the collector Emanuele Rosselli for whom, in addition to his portrait, he carried out some studies of the market. In 1900 after the presence, together with Signorini, Fattori and Cannicci, at the Munich exhibition with two paintings: In the garden and Tuscan farmer, he joined the group of "revolutionary" painters. These were headed by Ghiglia, Lloyd, Costetti and De Carolis and in 1904 they gave life to the Secession of Palazzo Corsini. Since then he only participated in reviews organized by the Florentine Promoter Society, with the exception of a presence in 1908 in Turin. Friend of Diego Martelli and Matilde Gioli Bartolommei, Ciani was part of that circle of friends who, periodically, gathered at their homes. He created the respective portraits of the critic and his partner Teresa Fabbrini, currently preserved in the modern art gallery of Palazzo Pitti. Cesare Ciani died in Florence on February 13, 1925.