Born in Pisa August 16, 1832 and died in Florence September 14, 1905. He moved to Florence in 1840, it started to ?? art from his father and later perfected first under the guidance of the painter and restorer Gaetano Bianchi, then, since 1853, at the Henry Pollastrini ?? Academy of Fine Arts in Florence, by practicing history painting with strong references to the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries Florentine. Meanwhile, along with Signorini and Vincenzo Cabianca, approaches to environment ?? macchiaiolo gravitating around the Caffè Michelangelo and is exercised in the first examples of painting from life in the countryside around Florence (Pegentina, Pian del Mugnone). His early paintings, L ?? lobby of the theater at the Pergola in the evening of New Year's Eve with masks (Milan, Pontremoli collection) obtained consents to the Promoter of Florence and that of Genoa in 1857, while the Pazzi conspiracy ?? the following year awarded a gold medal at the Triennial Competition ?? s ?? Florentine Academy. In 1859 as a volunteer, along with Signorini and Martelli, the second war of independence ??; the first of his three travel notebooks (formerly in the collection of Florence M. Galli) documents the patriotic impulse of these years (1858-1859). Returning from the war, in 1860 continues his research from life in Valdarno Florentine (Montelupo), with Banti, Cabianca, Pointeau and Signorini, and, in 1861, in the Pistoia Apennines ?? (San Marcello Pistoiese), with Raffaello Sernesi. Here performs, among others, those paintings that will be presented and awarded the First National Exhibition of Florence of that year ??: Surroundings of San Marcello, the true reason, the grain harvest on ?? Apennines (Milan, Jucker collection) and the April 26, 1859, this last ?? famous subject patriotic purchased by the Prince of Carignano. From 1862 he began to exhibit frequently and, as of this date, during the summer ?? will travel regularly to Castiglioncello guest critic Diego Martelli (Orto Castiglioncello, private collection, 1862). Staplers date back to 1863 the Red Shirts (private collection), exposed quell ?? year in Turin with L ?? drowned, The crestaina Florence, My Kitchen. Meanwhile, together with Giuseppe Abbati, Silvestro Lega, Raffaello Sernesi and the same Signorini, continues its research in the countryside at Piagentina, outside Florence, the place from which it takes its name their artistic partnership and where will live around 1865. here he made some of his masterpieces: Hopes lost, sent to the Society of Fine Arts in Trieste in December of 1866, the first fruits (1867), L ?? Arno. Reason from life (1868), House and marina in Castiglioncello (Montecatini, private collection), L ?? illiterate, The Call of the quota (1869), Domestic scene in the garden (already Checcucci collection, Florence), Conversation in Terrace (1872) . ?? In the summer of 1867, Castiglioncello, tightens an artistic collaboration with Giuseppe Abbati and Giovanni Fattori (Red Wagon in Castiglioncello, 1867, private collection). From this period begins to paint views of the banks of the Arno and the Mugnone ??, including remembers l ?? Arno in Varlungo, purchased in 1868 by the Company Promoter of Florence. In 1870 participates in the National Exhibition of Parma with ?? The recall of the quota, in 1877 to that of Naples with Waiting for the painter and Castiglioncello. Tuscan Maremma, and again in 1883, to that of Rome with Curiosity, bought by the king. In 1875 is still with the League to promote younger artists through its own art gallery ?? palace Ferroni, soon failed. Since 1879 he was appointed Honorary Academic Merit ?? at the Academy of Arts and Design of Florence. In 1880 sends to Turin The bulletin of January 9, 1878, inspired by the Italian participation in the death of Vittorio Emanuele II. In 1886 presents the first Exhibition of Fine Arts The Maricchia Livorno, L ?? Arno at Casaccia and Vicolo della Scala Santa (Rome) and, the following year ??, ?? at National Exhibition of Venice A vestal Christian. In the years following its participation in the exhibitions is increasingly rare: in 1896-1897 he exhibited at the Festival of Arts and Flowers ?? Florence ?? a new work, in homes. Meanwhile works as a teacher in his own studio, called Small Pitti ?? ??, as a decorator of ceramics at the Ginori and as an engraver and illustrator de L ?? ?? ?? Illustration Italian. He died in Florence September 14, 1905.