Born in Barletta on 25 February 1846 and died in Saint-Germain-en-Laye on 23 August 1884. He carries out his apprenticeship with the Barletta painter Gianbattista Calò and the Foggia painter Vincenzo Dattoli. After two years he left the Institute of Fine Arts in Naples (1863), where he studied drawing under the guidance of Giuseppe Mancinelli and landscape painting with Gabriele Smargiassi, to devote himself to painting from life with his friends Adriano Cecioni and Domenico Morelli, around to whom the "School of Resin" was born (his first painting dated with certainty is Appointment in the wood of Portici). He made his debut in 1864 at the third exhibition of the Promoter Salvator Rosa of Naples with two small studies entitled The approach of the storm (Valdagno, Marzotto collection), praised by Adriano Cecioni, retired in Naples at the Academy of Florence. The following year, Passage of the Apennines and Casale near Naples (Naples, Capodimonte Museum), exhibited at the Neapolitan Promoter, were purchased by Vittorio Emanuele II for the Capodimonte palace. Followed by Sulle Rive dell’Ofanto (Florence, National Gallery of Modern Art) and La traversata degli Appennini, both from 1867, small-format plates in which rapid and clear landscape views are outlined. In 1867, introduced by Adriano Cecioni in the Michelangiolo café, where Telemaco Signorini, Silvestro Lega, Cristiano Banti and Giovanni Fattori were discussing the new "scrub" technique, he exhibited at the Promoter of Florence Nevicata and A diligence in rainy weather (now lost), arousing great consensus in the public. In 1867 he went to Paris where he settled the following year, working exclusively with Goupil until 1874. At twenty-three he married Léontine Gruvelle. The first exhibition at the Parisian Salon dates back to 1869 (Visit to the antiques dealer, Philadelphia, J. G. Johnson collection; Passa il train, Barletta, Pinacoteca Giuseppe De Nittis), followed by others until 1879. In 1874 he participated, the only Italian, in the first exhibition of the Impressionists, while continuing to exhibit at the Salon reporting enormous success with the paintings Che cold! (Que froid!) (1874, Milan, Civic Collections of Art, Jucker collection) and Al Bois de Boulogne (private collection). At the same time he made repeated visits to Naples and Barletta, the surroundings of which are immortalized in the famous Route de Naples à Brindisi, awarded with an honorable mention at the Salon of 1872 (Indianapolis, Museum of Art). The Place des Pyramides (Paris, Musée d'Orsay) dates back to 1876, with which, two years later, he participated in the Universal Exposition in Paris where he exhibited, among other works, The National Gallery in London (Paris, Petit Palais musée des Beaux- Arts de la Ville de Paris), Piccadilly, Westminster (both in a private collection) and The return from racing (purchased by the Revoltella Museum in Trieste at the 1914 Venice Biennale), receiving the gold medal of honor together with the title of Knight of the Legion of Honor. His house becomes a meeting place for the cultural elite frequented, among others, by Edouard Manet, Edgar Degas, James Tissot, Émile Zola and Guy de Maupassant. Around the mid-seventies, anticipating Degas and Manet, he experimented with the pastel technique in large compositions. Between 1883 and 1884 he created some of the most famous works, Les ruines des Tuileries, purchased by the Musée du Luxenbourg and the first work of a modern Italian artist to enter a French public collection, Princess Mathilde's drawing room and Breakfast in the garden (Barletta , Giuseppe De Nittis Picture Gallery). He died at the age of thirty-eight in Saint-Germain-en-Laye on 23 August 1884. His works are kept in the main public and private collections in Italy and abroad including, in addition to those already mentioned, the Pinacoteca that bears his name in Barletta, which he collects, thanks to the bequest of his wife Léontine Gruvelle , one hundred and forty-five paintings and sixty-five drawings, the Galleria d’Arte Moderna in Milan (several works entitled Sulle falde del Vesuvio, including five from 1871 and seven more from 1872, Landscape, 1875, Head of a Woman, 1870, Sketches of Figures, 1879 , Crew, 1879, Along the Seine, 1876, Place des Pyramides, 1876, Lunch in Posillipo, 1879, La femme aux pompons, 1879, Place des Invalides, 1880, Sarah Bernhard, around 1850-1880, The lady with the Ulster, 1882), the National Gallery of Modern Art in Rome (The rides at the Bois de Boulogne, 1881), the Gallery of Modern Art in Florence (On the banks of the Ofanto, 1867, The Ash Rain, 1872 ), the Ricci Oddi Modern Art Gallery in Piacenza (Interior with abat-jour, 1883) , the Frugone Collections of Genoa (The Amazon at the Bois de Boulogne, around 1875), the National Museum of Capodimonte in Naples (Casale near Naples, 1866, The crossing of the Apennines, 1867), the Musée Carnavalet Histoire de Paris (The construction of the Trocadéro in 1876, 1876, Parisian in the Place de la Concorde, 1880, The Vio Parfumery, 1880), the Petit Palais - Musée des Beaux- Arts de la Ville de Paris (The National Gallery and the Church of Saint Martin in London, 1877, The Goose Keeper, 1884), the Archives Municipales de Nancy (Portrait of Edmond de Goncourt, 1881, deposit of the Academie Goncourt), the Musée des Beaux-Arts in Reims (Viale al Bois de Boulogne, 1882) and the Musée Joseph Denais in Ville de Beaufort-en-Vallée (Princess Matilde's drawing room , 1883).


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