Klimt Gustav was born in 1862 in a district of Vienna, Baumgarten. He was the second of seven children; Klimt's father was a goldsmith, while his mother was a very cultured woman with a passion for classical music. Curiously, all three sons of the Klimt couple dedicated themselves to painting, but in the Klimt family works, those of Gustav became masterpieces of the history of contemporary art. Shortly after turning fourteen, Gustav Klimt was fortunately admitted to the Austrian School of Arts and Crafts, where he began to approach the world of art and master the tools of the trade. The talent of the young artist did not go unnoticed, and in fact, among the first Gustav Klimt works of these years, it is worth remembering the commission to decorate the courtyard of the Kunsthistorisches Museum in 1886. Once this work was completed, the figure of Klimt as a painter began to have ever greater success, and this led him to have ever greater work requests. Thanks to this initial success in the work (also supported by an official recognition by the emperor Franz Joseph himself), Klimt was able to enjoy a very stable economic situation. Despite the success in the world of work, in 1892, Klimt's father passed away, and a few months later, his brother Ernst Klimt also died; the two deaths in the family were a severe blow for the Viennese painter, who decided to stop his artistic activity for about six years. During these years of "pause", Gustav Klimt began the long relationship with Emilie Flöge, who, despite knowing that her partner had affairs with other women, she did not leave him until her death. After the period of inactivity, in 1895, one of the Klimt paintings was born which anticipated those characteristics that can also be found in the future masterpieces of the Viennese painter, entitled Love. In 1897, Klimt together with another twenty artists, of various artistic currents, gave birth to the Viennese secession. With the creation of this group (whose symbol was Pallas Athena, the goddess symbol of wisdom), the artists who were part of it had as their objective the export of art outside the academic world, in all its forms . The working commissions for Klimt were always very many, and, consequently, the artist's fame was constantly increasing; despite the exuberant number of commitments, Klimt always found the time to create works related to the world of the Viennese secession: precisely on the occasion of the group's fourteenth exhibition, Klimt created the huge Beethoven Frieze, thirty-four meters long. In 1902, one of the most important works of the Viennese painter's artistic production was the Virgin Klimt. In 1903, Klimt made two trips to Ravenna, and was struck by the world of medieval art, in particular by the mosaics of Byzantium: the golden and brilliant colors and the reference to the world of his father's jewelery were just two of the elements that led to the complete transformation of his artistic style. Back in Vienna, he immediately set to work and created the Judith Klimt of 1901, the Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I of 1907 and the famous Klimt the kiss (or Klimt kiss), also known internationally as The Kiss. All these works are characterized by the obsessive presence of the golden color, by the simple two-dimensionality and by the almost exclusive use of female protagonists, all faces of different symbols. In addition to Klimt Judith and the other works mentioned above, other works of immense value were also created in these years, such as Klimt's work Albero della vita, created between 1905 and 1909, as well as the very famous Klimt Danae of 1907- 1908. Klimt's golden age ended with the creation of Judith II of 1909, which anticipated the painter's new artistic phase, which would no longer foresee the presence of golden and golden colours. After the production of Klimt the tree of life and the many "golden" masterpieces, the artist, in the following years, faced a period of artistic crisis, due to various factors. The works of the previous artistic phase, such as the Klimt embrace, no longer reflected the society in which the artist was living: the Austro-Hungarian empire was nearing its end, the Belle Époque was at the end of the line and new artists were coming to the fore. In this period, the paintings of Van Gogh, the Matisse works, the works of Toulouse-Lautrec and the style of Monet had a significant influence on the style of the Viennese painter, who sacrificed the use of golden tones in favor of a style more realistic, with brighter tones and a richer palette of colors. In 1910 and 1911, however, he still had great importance in the Italian artistic world, participating in the 1910 Venice Biennale and becoming the winner of the International Art Exhibition in Rome the following year, with the masterpiece The Three Ages of Woman. In 1918, Gustav Klimt suffered a stroke and died in February of that year. About the famous Viennese artist, several Klimt films have been made, including a documentary and two feature films, which narrate the life of the artist and the birth of many of his masterpieces, such as the Gustav Klimt "The embrace"


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